Higher Education | The Role Of Private Universities In India !!
A large number of private universities have been established to fulfill the emerging needs of higher education. Central universities and State universities cannot fulfill this need. In 1995, Government of India passed the private universities Establishment and Regulation Bill. These private universities have to operate without government’s aid. Private universities are more like business houses than educational centers. They treat the students on par with their foreign counterparts.
Essay And Article On : Role Of Private Universities In Higher Education !!
The government universities can survive even if they do not meet the expectations of the students, but the same is not true in case of private universities. The syllabus of the Private universities is job-oriented and market-driven. Private universities not only help the students but also help to boost up our economy. The impact of globalization and India’s policy of economic liberalization is visible in every sphere of our society.
Our education sector is no exception. While there is regular increase in the number of students, the seats in colleges and universities do not increase proportionately. The students are the victim of this situation. The seats in colleges and universities fall short as per the need of the students. The private organizations encase the student’s hunger for higher education and establish private colleges in every Indian state. In the recent past a large number of private universities have also been established in most of the states of our country.
The crucial question is:
Should we allow private universities in such a large numbers? Answer is ‘in affirmative’, if we think about the limited seats for a particular course in a university. The present state run universities are incapable of providing enough seats for the serious and willing students who want to pursue’ higher studies. Such void can be fulfilled only by private universities. But the answer is ‘in negative’.
When there comes the question of fees. In state run universities, students have to pay a moderate fee. But in private university, fee structure is very high. Children of rich families can only get admission in these institutions. At present* Universities and university-level institutions in India include 20 Central universities.
215 State universities, 100 Deemed universities, 5 institutions established under State Act and 13 institutes of national importance apart from around 17,000 colleges including 1800 women colleges. Besides, 38 institutes provide education in agricultural sciences like forestry’, dairy, fishery and veterinary’ and 21 institutes provide education in medicine including Ayurveda, and 4 in legal studies.
There are 9 open universities and 5 women’s universities. The technical education system in our country includes courses in engineering, technology, biotechnology, pharmacy, management, hotel management, architecture etc.
The technical education system at the central level covers the:
(a) All-India Council for Technical Education (AICTE),
(b) Indian Institutes of Technology,
(c) Indian Institutes of Science,
(d) Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management and
(e) National Institutes of Technology converted from Regional Engineering Colleges with 100 per cent central funding.
Thus apparently it seems that there is a wide network of higher education through governmental universities. But when we consider the demographic’ factors, the inadequacy of educational institutions at higher level is revealed. Huge numbers of students cannot get admission in the state-run universities.
Thus government of India passed the Private Universities Establishment and Regulation Bill in 1995 to encourage the setting up of private universities. The Ministry of HRD set up a core group of six members drawn from private sector who gave their views and recommendations for the private institutions involved in higher studies.
This group recommended that the main emphasis should be on the high quality of education. Urgent steps should be taken to protect the system from degradation. Research in the universities should be provided, enhanced support and steps be taken to ensure its high quality.
Efforts should be made to delve’ into India’s ancient fund of knowledge and to relate it to contemporary reality. Open University system should be developed. The new pattern of the Rural University should be consolidated and developed on the lines of Mahatma Gandhi’s revolutionary ideas on education.
Government has suggested the private institutions to follow all these guidelines. The private universities have to operate without government’s aid. They should, therefore, be given the flexibility’ to raise resources. The legal and administrative framework allowing private sector organizations should be simplified. Rules and regulations should be such that foreign students are also attracted to study in India.
Not only students, but the foreign educational institutions and universities may also come to India and operate here. Foreign institutions attract not only native students, but also foreign students. In this way, it helps our economy also. Private universities not only fulfill the desire of higher studies of the students, it also makes the students on par with their foreign counterparts.
Students become very competent and skilled like the students studying in good universities abroad. We also need to develop exclusive professional manpower to acquire a cutting edge’ in global competitiveness.
Some private universities in India have invested large amounts in courses which are of contemporary significance. Private universities are more like business houses than educational centers. They produce general graduates and postgraduates like state universities. It is the duty of the private institutions to look after the interest of the students.
The efforts and time of the students and the money of their parents should not go in vain. It is true that the government universities can survive even if they do not meet the expectations of the students, but the same is not true in case of private universities. Private universities run on the fees of the students. The expenditure of running the private university is very high.
Thus it is necessary for them to keep their courses so attractive and job-oriented that there is great lure among the students to seek admission in them. But there is negative side also. Often students with low caliber can get admission in these institutions only because their parents can afford to pay heavy fees.
This is not desirable for any academic institution. It is a fact that the educational needs can be met only by private universities. These are not only multi-disciplinary, but also the centers of excellence. Therefore, they should be permitted to offer courses in any discipline. There must be market-driven approach in their syllabus.
They can modify their old courses and introduce new courses without harming the interests of the students. By adopting modem and market-driven programmes these private universities not only help the students but also help to boost’ our economy. A country’s socio-economic development is directly linked with its educational system.
Our country cannot ignore private educational institutions, as they attract a large number of students. Efforts should be made to encourage good private universities to grow and contribute to the enormous task of building a highly skilled and professional man power.
Thus it can be said that a large number of good private universities are really a help to our economy. Not only this, it also makes our higher education more modem and job oriented. So private universities can be beneficial both for the students and for the society.
Aid to Vocabulary:
1. Pursue-continued or proceed along
2. Forestry-the science or management of forests
3. Veterinary-of or for diseases and injuries of animals, or their treatment
4. Demographic–the study of the statistics of birth, death, disease etc.
5. Delve-search energetically, research
6. Flexibility- able to bend without breaking, adaptable
7. Cutting edge-an edge that cuts, the most significant factor
8. Boost-promote, increase or assist
Points to Remember:
1. The number of seats in state universities is not adequate. To fulfill the demand, a large number of private universities have been established.
2. There are 20 Central Universities, 215 State Universities and 100 Deemed Universities.
3. The technical education system in our country gives us different courses.
4. Government of India passed the private universities Establishment and Regulation Bill in 1995. 5. Private universities have to follow the guidelines given by Government of India.
6. The private universities have to operate without government’s aid.
7. Private universities make the students on par with their foreign counterparts of good universities.
8. Private universities are more like business houses than educational centers.
9. The expenditure of running private university is very high. Thus students have to bear this expenditure.
10. Now it is felt that the large need can only be met by private universities and these universities also help to boost our economy. So this was an essay on higher education in India.
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